There are several types of windows for homes based on framing material, location, design, shutter operating movement, position, casement size and shape, casement material, attaching method, and aesthetic purpose.
A window is a wall aperture that allows fresh air and sunshine into the building while also providing a view of the outside. Windows are not only there for aesthetic reasons but also to provide appropriate heat and cold insulation.
A window is mainly divided into two parts
- Window Frame
- Window Shutters
Windows Selection Criteria
The following criteria should be considered when choosing a good window for a certain structure or location.
- Direction of wind
- Location of Room
- Utility of room
- Climatic condition
- Size and shape of a room
- Architectural point of view
We may choose ideal windows for our buildings or homes based on the factors mentioned above.
Types of Windows for home
The following are the different types of windows used in the home or house designs
- Fixed Windows
- Sliding Window
- Casement Window
- Pivoted window
- Metal Window
- Sash Window
- Corner Window
- Bay Window
- ClearStory Window
- Single Hung Window
- Double Hung Window
- Sash Window
- Metal Window
- Oriel Windows
- Transom windows
- Bow Windows
- Dormer Windows
- Round Windows
- Arched Windows
- Jalousie Windows
1. Fixed Windows
Fixed windows are those that are attached to the wall, as the name implies. It can’t be shut or opened. With completely glass shutters, light may also be readily conveyed into the house.
The shutters of windows are attached to the window frame. A picture window is another name for it. Because it can only supply outside of nature’s vision. It is less expensive than other types of windows.
2. Sliding Windows
The window shutters on a sliding window are moveable or slide in the window frame, as the name implies. The roller bearing is responsible for the shutter’s movement.
The sliding window is moved inside the frame’s interior area. It does not require any outside or different areas to open. This style of window is usually rather large. The window’s major flaw is that it cannot be fully opened like a casement window. In this case, one of the windows is constantly shut.
Sliding windows can be of the following types:
- Double Track Sliding Windows
- Triple Track Sliding Windows
- Multi-Track Sliding Windows
3. Casement Windows
Casement windows are popular everywhere nowadays. The window shutter is attached to the frame and may be opened and closed like a door, with rebates in the frame to accept the window shutter.
The shutter panel might be single or double. Casement windows provide greater ventilation than any other form of window, but they are not advised for walkways, streets, or high-traffic areas.
What are the advantages of Casement Windows?
– It required low and easy maintenance.
– It gives Good Quality insulation.
– This window is easily customized in shape and design.
– This window provides excellent ventilation.
What are the disadvantages of Casement windows?
– Not very secure.
– The casement window is limited in size.
4. Oriel Window
Oriel windows are frequently seen on upper levels or stories. Brackets and corbels hold this window in place.
What are the advantages of Oriel Window?
– It gives elegant
– It allows more natural sunlight to enter the buildings.
– It gives luxurious look to your home.
What are the disadvantages of Oriel Windows?
– This window is expensive compared to other types of bay windows.
– Not suitable for everyone because it gives direct sunlight.
5. Bay Windows
Projected windows are another name for a bay window. This expands the opening’s surface area. In addition, the projection of the window might be rectangular, triangular, or polygonal. This enhances the house’s elegance, and in most cases, the side windows are opened to provide enough light and ventilation.
The broad sill level of the bay window is also often used as a seat or to display plant pots, ornamental objects, and other items in the family room and kitchen.
What are the Advantages of Bay windows?
– The Bay window is providing good ventilation and proper lights.
– It is easily customized in shape, size, and design.
– Inside the wall, extra space is useful for decorative purposes.
– It gives a good appearance to your house.
– It can add property value.
What are the Disadvantages of Bay windows?
– It is expensive.
– Bay windows can let lots of light into the house.
6. Bow Windows
Bow windows are comparable to the bay window The key distinction is that this window is hexagonal and has either straight or arched sides. The bay windows are smaller than the bow window.
What are the Advantages of Bow Windows?
– This window adds space to the interior.
– It gives the most elegant look to your home.
What are the Disadvantages of Bow Windows?
– A bow window is costly compared to other windows.
– It is difficult to clean.
– Not for everyone because it provides extra light and heat inside the room.
7. Round Windows
A gothic architectural form of window is a round window. Rose-type windows influenced this window. It is fixed or open in nature and was popular in Europe throughout the Middle Ages. The porthole window is another name for it.
They are also utilized on stairwells and in dimly lit locations. The round window lets in a lot of natural light.
What are the Advantages of a Round window?
– The round window Comes with a unique design and detail.
– It can add more natural light to the area.
– It required low maintenance costs.
What are the Disadvantages of Round Windows?
– Most round windows cannot be functional.
– This window is difficult to install.
– It can show a limited visual view.
– It is not suitable for a house.
What are the types of round windows?
– Full circle window
– Half Circle Window
– Quarter Circle window
– Oval window
– Elliptical window
8. Arched Window
The bottom of the arched window is rectangular, while the top is half-circle or arched. An arch window may be utilized to give your property a Victorian feel. A radius window is another name for it.
What are the Advantages of Arched Windows
– An arched window is offered uniqueness in your home.
– It is easy to maintain and clean.
– Maintenance cost is low.
– The arched window is veritable for different types of homes.
What are the Disadvantages of Arched Window
– An arch window is not given proper ventilation in your home.
– It does not provide an ideal opening for emergency cases.
9. Single Hung Windows
The single sash window resembles a double-hung window, but the main difference is that one sash of a single-hung window can open and close while the other is fixed. The upper sash of most single windows is fixed. Both sashes of a double-hung window can slide.
What are the Advantages of Single Hung Windows?
– Single Hung Window installation is easy.
– It provides greater ventilation.
– It is cheap.
What are the Disadvantages of Single Hung Windows?
– It is hard to clean.
– It is a limited option in design, size, and shape.
10. Double Hung Windows
A pair of shutters is fastened to the frame in a double-hung window. The shutters may slide or open vertically within the window frame, and they are stacked one on top of the other.
What are the Advantages of Double Hung Window?
– Double Hung Window is provided excellent ventilation.
– It is easy to clean.
What are the disadvantages of Double Hung Window
– Maintenance cost is high.
– Greater possibility of air leak.
11. Pivoted Window
Openers are another name for pivot windows. The window frame is equipped with pivots. This aids in the oscillation of the window shutter, with the swinging of the window shutter being either vertical or horizontal depending on the pivot configuration. The pivoting window’s sashes may be turned 90 to 180 degrees.
What are the Advantages of Pivoted Windows
– It is easy to clean.
– It is open widely so they provide maximum ventilation.
– It is more durable compared to other types of windows.
What are the Disadvantages of Pivoted Windows
– This type of window intrudes on the inside space of the window.
– It is expensive.
– It is difficult to install.
12. Jalousie window
Jalousie windows are the most prevalent window form, and they come in a variety of metal, wood, and glass slats. The slats are opened by cranking the lever, just like blinds. When adequate ventilation is necessary but the view is unimportant, this window style is commonly employed.
What are the Advantages of Jalousie Windows?
– It provides proper Ventilation.
– It can maintain airflow during rains and storms with a slanted design.
What are the Disadvantages of Jalousie Windows?
– It is not secure as other types of windows.
– It does not look good. Only used for a bathroom where outside of view is not important.
13. Louvered Windows
Louvered windows allow for proper ventilation while obstructing outside vision. Metal, glass, wood, and other materials are used to make the louvers.
The pulley may be used to operate the louvers. By lifting and tilting the cord, we can easily maintain the slop of the louvers. A louvered window is also comparable to a louvered door. The inclination angle is approximately 45 degrees.
What are the Advantages of Louvered Windows?
– A louvered window offers Superior ventilation.
– Louvered windows can be easy to clean or maintain.
– A louvered shutter can open fully. So that they give maximum airflow.
– A louvered window gives classic look to your home.
– It can provide easy outside access during the fire extinguisher.
– A louvered window is cost-effective. Because it can reduce your cooling and heating charges.
What are the Disadvantages of a Louvered Window?
– A louvered window is not air-tight.
– A louvered window may allow noise from outside of your home.
14. Metal Windows
Mild steel, cast iron, aluminum, bronze, stainless steel, and wrought iron are used to create the Metal window. However, when compared to various other types of windows, a mild steel metal window is less expensive.
They may be more long-lasting. As a result, it is frequently employed in public and private structures. Metal windows are available in a wide range of sizes and styles.
What are the Advantages of Metal Window?
– The metal window’s strength level is high.
– The metal window is easy to clean.
– A metal window is easily available in different sizes and designs.
What are the Disadvantages of a Metal Windows?
– In metal, a window is at a high risk of rust.
– The metal window is heavy in weight.
– The metal window is expensive compared to the casement window.
15. Sash Windows
The Sash window is made up of two moveable sashes, one of which is positioned in front of the other. They have ornate sash horns or bars, which are added to make the windows seem more traditional.
Sash windows are similar to casement windows in appearance. The sash window panel, on the other hand, is completely glazed. Small panels called glazing bars or sash bars separate the area between the different rails. The bottom, middle, and top rails make up the Sash window.
16. Corner Windows
As the name implies, a corner window is placed in the room or building’s corner. Air or light can enter the space from two directions through the corner window. Because this window has two perpendicularly facing faces. It also improves the building’s aesthetic.
17. Dormer Windows
A Dormer window is a structural component of a structure with a slanted roof. It offers more space to rooms while also providing adequate light and ventilation. A dormer window improves the appearance of your home. It is available in a variety of designs and sizes. Which is determined by the roof style.
Here are a few types of Dormer Windows:
- Gable fronted dormer
- Hipped Roof Dormer
- Flat Roof Dormer
- Shed Dormer
- Wall Dormer
18. Clearstory Windows
A clearstory window is a form of an Egyptian window. A clearstory window is a better alternative if the room in your building has a varying ceiling height. The shutter in this window is controlled by a cable that runs over the pulley.
19. Lantern Windows
Lantern windows are often installed over a level slab or roof. The primary purpose of this window is to let more light and fresh air into the house.
20. Skylight Window
On the top of a pitched or sloping roof, a Skylight window is put. It is permitted more than three-time of light as compared to the vertical window. It may be opened or closed as needed. The roof light is another name for it. It is usually composed of clear glass or plastic.
Here are a few types of Skylight Windows:
- Fixed Skylight.
- Ventilated Skylights
- Tabular Skylights
- Custom Skylights
- Pyramid Skylights.
- Dome Shaped Skylights.